Property lending beyond 20% at banks' own risk: UAE Central Bank Governor
Abu Dhabi: Banks in the UAE looking to property lend above the 20 per cent cap must first look at the risks involved and the return on their investments before making their decision, said UAE’s top banking chief in Abu Dhabi on Sunday.
Speaking at the Middle East Banking Forum, Mubarak Rashid Al Mansoori, governor of the Central Bank of the UAE, confirmed the removal of the 20 per cent property lending cap, which was officially announced last year, and said the new policy would allow more flexibility for banks and the property sector.
“As we have introduced the new law of the Central Bank last year this gave the discretion to the board to decide on the limit… So now we have really done a lot of studies and benchmarking and came to the view that we need to be flexible so banks could go higher than the 20 per cent,” he said.
“The moment they want to lend higher than 20 per cent there is a capital charge so they need to assess the risk [and] the return profile of this investment,” he added.
“If a bank wants to lend higher than the minimum cap there is [still] a higher overreaching cap they cannot [exceed] even if they want,” Al Mansoori explained, highlighting how there would still be a cap maintained even if banks do go above the 20 per cent level.
Commenting on the property sector in the UAE, Al Mansoori said that the country had learned its lessons from the 2008 financial crisis, and that lending practices remained robust.
“We have learned the lesson from 2008 and banks have learned the lesson so they have been prudent in extending loans to the real estate sector.
“Off course supply needs to be controlled and there was a higher committee established to review all of these projects in Dubai. These measures should result in a more prudent growth path growing forward,” he added.
Al Mansoori said the UAE’s economy and banking industry continued to see growth in 2019 despite global economic challenges.
“The latest projections from the Central Bank indicates that the economy is continuing to recover with an overall growth projected to be at 2.4 per cent in 2019 compromising 1.4 per cent growth for the non-energy sector and 5 per cent growth in the energy sector.
“The banking sector in the UAE is the biggest in the Middle East and Africa with total assets reaching Dh3 trillion as of September 2019,” he added.
Al Mansoori said bank deposits had also seen an increase this year.
“Additionally, deposits increased by 4.3 per cent year-on-year to September 2019, mainly driven by resident deposits rising by 5.9 per cent year-on-year.
“Credit growth has also remained strong growing by 5 per cent over the same period. On aggregate, our banking sector remains profitable with net profit growing 9.9 per cent year-on-year,” he added.
Al Mansoori also made it clear that the Central Bank of the UAE does not support cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, which he called unreliable.
“We at the Central Bank are not supportive of cryptocurrencies at all at this point. I think it remains to be studied further and this is hopefully the mandate of the fintech office to look into.
“You’ve seen the Bitcoin – it went up and down, you cannot really entrust your economy or your currency with such a mechanism,” he added.
Al Mansoori said the Central Bank was looking at creating its own digital currency, though he emphasised that the project was still in its proof of concept stage and that nothing had been finalised yet.
“We are working on a Central Bank digital currency… and this has two phases — one is a Central Bank to local banks in terms of transacting in digital currency, and once this is done we will do the cross border [transcations].
“This is still a study, it’s a proof of concept, we will learn from it and we will take it to the next step if deemed successful,” he added.